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18 Tech Terms That Everyone Should Know in 2016: Do You?

18 Tech Terms That Everyone Should Know in 2016: Do You?

18 Tech Terms That Everyone Should Know in 2016: Do You?

Source: Cheatsheet.com

There are some tech terms that everybody knows how to use. (Who doesn’t know how to Google something, or how to talk about Googling something?) But any other tech terms are less straightforward to understand and use. In fact, there are plenty of tech terms that people routinely use incorrectly. As Mike Elgan reports for Computerworld, the language that we use to talk about technology is “a moving target” thanks to the fast pace of change. But the words we use matter, so it’s a good idea to be precise with which words we’re using and when. Do you know the correct definitions of some of the most important tech terms in 2016?

Questions

  1. What is the internet?
  2. Computers connected in a global network
  3. All of the information that you can access online
  4. The collective body of websites that have been created over the years
  1. What is the internet of things?
  2. Any device that you can control with your smartphone (like your Bluetooth speaker)
  3. Everything that’s connected to the internet
  4. Everyday objects that are connected to the internet, so that you can control them via a hub and/or with your smartphone
  1. What is HTML?
  2. The paragraphs, headers, lists, and links on a page
  3. The language that tells your browser how to format text, images, and videos
  4. The language used to write web pages
  1. What is a URL?
  2. The name of a website
  3. The address that enables your browser to locate a page or file
  4. Any information that helps you find a website
  1. What is the front end of a website? What’s the back end?
  2. The front end is the part that you can see, and the back end is what makes a website work
  3. The front end is the home page, and the back end is all of the rest of the pages that make up the site
  4. The front end is all of the content of a website, and the back end is the part that organizes that content
  1. What is UI? What is UX?
  2. UI is how an app or site looks, and UX is how it works
  3. UI is how an app or site is laid out for you to interact with, and UX is how you feel about using the product
  4. UI is the text and images on a page or in an app, and UX is how they’re organized
  1. What are apps?
  2. Any software that runs on your smartphone or your computer
  3. A program that enables you to complete a certain task on your iPhone or Android phone
  4. A site that lets you access games or utilities on the web
  1. What is encryption?
  2. Using an algorithm to make data unreadable to unauthorized users, and readable only by authorized users who have the key
  3. Using a password to protect your accounts and your data
  4. Storing your data in the cloud instead of locally on your computer
  1. What is virtual reality?
  2. Experiences made up of 360-degree video captured by specialized cameras
  3. Anything that you watch through a virtual reality headset
  4. Experiences comprised of 100% computer-generated images
  1. What is augmented reality?
  2. Experiences that overlay the real world with unrelated content or information
  3. Experiences that enhance, or augment, the real world with computer-generated content
  4. Experiences that make the real world the background for a game or app
  1. What is a drone?
  2. An unmanned aircraft that’s controlled remotely by a pilot or operator
  3. An unmanned aircraft that can fly by itself using artificial intelligence
  4. Any unmanned aircraft, controlled by artificial intelligence or by a remote operator
  1. What is jailbreaking?
  2. Unlocking a phone so that it can be used on any carrier’s network
  3. Downloading apps that aren’t available in your phone’s official app store
  4. Removing the limitations that stop you from modifying your phone or installing apps not in a manufacturer’s official app store
  1. What is a troll?
  2. A person who posts comments to deliberately start arguments
  3. A person who loudly disagrees with you online
  4. A person who insults others on forums or in comments sections
  1. What does ‘viral’ mean?
  2. An article, video, or image that’s shared on Facebook or on another major social network
  3. Any popular piece of content that’s shared on the internet
  4. An article, video, or image that circulates quickly and widely around the internet, beyond its original or intended audience
  1. What is clickbait?
  2. A post or article with a hyperbolic headline that promises more than the content delivers
  3. Content that’s shared on Facebook or Twitter in the hope of getting people to click on it
  4. Any post or article that’s more entertaining than informative
  1. What is social engineering?
  2. The tactic of talking to or corresponding with someone to get them to give you their password or other information
  3. The technique of hacking somebody’s computer to find their personal information
  4. The technique of gaining physical access to someone’s phone or computer to steal their information
  1. What does ‘open source’ mean?
  2. Software that’s been built by several different developers
  3. Software built with code that’s made available to the public for free
  4. Software that will continue to be updated
  1. What is an algorithm?
  2. A set of instructions for a computer to follow
  3. The order in which Google displays search results or Facebook shows news stories
  4. The software that tracks you and determines what kind of content you’ll like

Answers

  1. What is the internet?
  2. Computers connected in a global network
  3. All of the information that you can access online
  4. The collective body of websites that have been created over the years

As Adda Birnir reports for The Muse, the internet is millions of computers interconnected in a global network, while the web is the system where the data on the internet is kept in documents, or web pages, that are linked together. We all refer to the internet or the web interchangeably, but if you want to be precise, the internet is the hardware and the web is the content.

  1. What is the internet of things?
  2. Any device that you can control with your smartphone (like your Bluetooth speaker)
  3. Everything that’s connected to the internet
  4. Everyday objects that are connected to the internet, so that you can control them via a hub and/or with your smartphone

The internet of things refers to a system of physical devices — including smart home gadgets, vehicles, and other connected devices — that are equipped with a variety of electronics, sensors, software, and network connectivity. The idea is that these devices can collect and exchange data, and you can control them with your smartphone or through a hub.

  1. What is HTML?
  2. The paragraphs, headers, lists, and links on a page
  3. The language that tells your browser how to format text, images, and videos
  4. The language used to write web pages

HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is made up of elements like paragraphs and headers, but is the language actually used to write web pages. A related technology called CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is what tells your browser how to format and style an HTML document. All of these pieces work together to enable you to read an article, for instance, in a format that’s legible whether you’re using your smartphone, or your tablet, or your computer.

  1. What is a URL?
  2. The name of a website
  3. The address that enables your browser to locate a page or file
  4. Any information that helps you find a website

“URL” stands for “uniform resource locator,” and refers to the address of a page or a file. The URL, along with IP addresses, enables you to locate or bookmark a file using your web browser. The URL is comprised of three parts that identify a page or a file: the protocol, the host computer, and filename or pagename.

  1. What is the front end of a website? What’s the back end?
  2. The front end is the part that you can see, and the back end is what makes a website work
  3. The front end is the home page, and the back end is all of the rest of the pages that make up the site
  4. The front end is all of the content of a website, and the back end is the part that organizes that content

The front end of the website is simply the part that you can see (thanks to HTML and CSS). The back end is the part that makes the website work, including apps that tell the website what to do, servers that store the data that’s displayed on the website, and databases where all of the information on the website is stored.

  1. What is UI? What is UX?
  2. UI is how an app or site looks, and UX is how it works
  3. UI is how an app or site is laid out for you to interact with, and UX is how you feel about using the product
  4. UI is the text and images on a page or in an app, and UX is how they’re organized

“UI” refers to the user interface of a website or app. The user interface is how an app or website is laid out, and how you interact with it. “UX,” on the other hand, refers to the user experience offered by a site or app. So developers and designers work together to create websites that not only have gorgeous user interfaces, but also offer a great user experience.

  1. What are apps?
  2. Any software that runs on your smartphone or your computer
  3. A program that enables you to complete a certain task on your iPhone or Android phone
  4. A site that lets you access games or utilities on the web

Apps, simply enough, are instructions that enable you to do specific things on your smartphone. “Software” is the general term for any instructions run on your computer, tablet, or smartphone. So apps are just one kind of software. (Some other kinds include system software, drivers, and utilities.)

  1. What is encryption?
  2. Using an algorithm to make data unreadable to unauthorized users, and readable only by authorized users who have the key
  3. Using a password to protect your accounts and your data
  4. Storing your data in the cloud instead of locally on your computer

Encrypting data means converting it into what looks like gibberish using a complex mathematical formula. While an unauthorized user won’t be able to figure out what the informations says, someone who has the key will be able to decrypt the data. Encryption is used to keep information safe in transit and in storage, and it’s the reason why you can do things like bank online or use your credit card on the web.

  1. What is virtual reality?
  2. Experiences made up of 360-degree video captured by specialized cameras
  3. Anything that you watch through a virtual reality headset
  4. Experiences comprised of 100% computer-generated images

Strictly speaking, virtual reality experiences are created on a computer. Even if you’re using a virtual reality headset to watch live action video, that doesn’t make it true virtual reality. And, 360-degree video isn’t virtual reality, either. But it can be called immersive video.

  1. What is augmented reality?
  2. Experiences that overlay the real world with unrelated content or information
  3. Experiences that enhance, or augment, the real world with computer-generated content
  4. Experiences that make the real world the background for a game or app

Augmented reality overlays content on the real world around you, but the real world remains the focus. Mixed reality, on the other hand, involves combining the real world with the virtual in such a way that the real world is simply the background for the experience at hand.

  1. What is a drone?
  2. An unmanned aircraft that’s controlled remotely by a pilot or operator
  3. An unmanned aircraft that can fly by itself using artificial intelligence
  4. Any unmanned aircraft, controlled by artificial intelligence or by a remote operator

Precisely, drones are unmanned aircraft that can navigate for themselves using artificial intelligence. Drones aren’t just any remote-controlled device that can fly, and there are plenty of military aircraft and consumer devices that aren’t truly drones, but are commonly referred to as such.

  1. What is jailbreaking?
  2. Unlocking a phone so that it can be used on any carrier’s network
  3. Downloading apps that aren’t available in your phone’s official app store
  4. Removing the limitations that stop you from modifying your phone or installing apps not in a manufacturer’s official app store

Jailbreaking and unlocking your phone are actually two different things. An unlocked phone can be used on more than one carrier’s mobile network, while a jailbroken iPhone can download apps that aren’t in Apple’s App Store, or can be modified in a variety of unofficial ways.

  1. What is a troll?
  2. A person who posts comments to deliberately start arguments
  3. A person who loudly disagrees with you online
  4. A person who insults others on forums or in comments sections

While there are plenty of unsavory characters who hang out in online forums or in comments sections, they’re not all trolls. A true troll is a person who posts comments to deliberately start a fight. Dealing with a troll effectively typically means realizing that they’re there specifically to provoke others. As such, you can’t argue with them and expect them to respond rationally as you would with other kinds of internet commenters.

  1. What does ‘viral’ mean?
  2. An article, video, or image that’s shared on Facebook or on another major social network
  3. Any popular piece of content that’s shared on the internet
  4. An article, video, or image that circulates quickly and widely around the internet, beyond its original or intended audience

While there are certainly many pieces of very popular content on the internet, a piece of truly viral content is one that circulates both extremely rapidly and extremely widely around the internet. And usually, a piece of viral content gains widespread popularity beyond the much narrower audience for whom it was intended. So, while a video from an extremely popular musical artist may get super popular, it’s technically not “viral” in the same sense as the hugely popular video that was posted by a relatively unknown YouTuber but somehow ended up splashed across everybody’s Facebook feed.

  1. What is clickbait?
  2. A post or article with a hyperbolic headline that promises more than the content delivers
  3. Content that’s shared on Facebook or Twitter in the hope of getting people to click on it
  4. Any post or article that’s more entertaining than informative

While it’s easy to label the annoying articles that pop up in your Facebook News Feed as “clickbait,” it’s unlikely that all of them are true clickbait. Clickbait is the unique brand of content with a headline that promises a more surprising reveal, a more dramatic video, or a more shocking revelation than the post, article, image, or video in question can actually deliver. The idea is that the headline “baits” people into clicking on the content, even if they’re going to be disappointed when they arrive.

  1. What is social engineering?
  2. The tactic of talking to or corresponding with someone to get them to give you their password or other information
  3. The technique of hacking somebody’s computer to find their personal information
  4. The technique of gaining physical access to someone’s phone or computer to steal their information

Social engineering is one way that people with malicious intent gain access to other people’s passwords and sensitive personal data. Social engineering involves an attacker directly talking to someone and convincing the victim that they’re a trustworthy figure.

  1. What does ‘open-source’ mean?
  2. Software that’s been built by several different developers
  3. Software built with code that’s made available to the public for free
  4. Software that will continue to be updated

Open-source software is software that has had the source code published for free by the developers. That means that anybody can download and modify it and even repurpose parts of it into other projects. Some developers make their software open-source in order to encourage innovation, while others keep their code private in order to maintain control of their platforms and the technology they’ve created.

  1. What is an algorithm?
  2. A set of instructions for a computer to follow
  3. The order in which Google displays search results or Facebook shows news stories
  4. The software that tracks you and determines what kind of content you’ll like

An algorithm is much like the instructions in a recipe. An algorithm is simply a set of instructions for a computer to follow in order to complete a task. An algorithm helps Google decide in which order it should display search results, and a different algorithm surfaces the posts in your Facebook News Feed. But an algorithm, on the most basic level, is simply a process that a computer follows to get a task done.




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